Economy bounces back above pre-COVID levels for first time but warnings over Omicron hit

January 14, 2022

Britain's economy grew stronger than expected in November before the Omicron variant struck, bouncing back for the first time above pre-pandemic levels.

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) said gross domestic product (GDP) had risen 0.9% during the month, up from a just 0.1% rise in October.

Analysts had predicted a 0.4% rise in November.

It meant the world's fifth-biggest economy was 0.7% bigger than it was in February 2020, the ONS said.

Office for National Statistics chief economist Grant Fitzner said: "The economy grew strongly in the month before Omicron struck, with architects, retailers, couriers and accountants having a bumper month.

"Construction also recovered from several weak months as many raw materials became easier to get hold of.

"This meant that monthly GDP exceeded its pre-pandemic level for the first time in November."

Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak said the stronger-than-expected GDP figures, were down to the "grit" of the public.

He said: "It's amazing to see the size of the economy back to pre-pandemic levels in November - a testament to the grit and determination of the British people.

"The government is continuing to support the economy, including through grants, loans and tax reliefs for businesses, and our Plan for Jobs is ensuring people up and down the country have fantastic opportunities.

"We all have a vital part to play to protect lives and jobs, and I urge everyone to do theirs by getting boosted as soon as you can."

CBI lead economist Alpesh Paleja said: "While it's good that economic growth picked up in November, the data has been overtaken by events.

"Activity is very likely to have taken a hit in December, as the spread of the Omicron variant and subsequent restrictions disrupted operations in certain sectors.

"As we kick off the new year, the near-term outlook is also clouded by additional challenges: shortages of labour - exacerbated by sickness absence, supply chain disruption and a cost of living crunch for households.

"Implementing Plan B in December was the right thing to do, but with COVID clearly here to stay, the government must now act to prevent the need for further restrictions on activity.

"This includes providing clearer forward guidance to support business adaptation, prioritising mass-testing over mass self-isolation, and ensuring that travel controls are proportionate so that the UK remains open to the rest of the world."

Suren Thiru, head of economics at the British Chambers of Commerce (BCC), said: "Stronger growth in November is likely to be followed by a modest fall in output in December and January, as consumer caution to socialise and spend, and mounting staff absences sparked by Omicron and Plan B limit activity.

"While the UK economy should rebound once Plan B measures are lifted, surging inflation and persistent supply chain disruption may mean that the UK's economic growth prospects remain under pressure for much of 2022.

"The government must do all it can to support the economy through this challenging period.

"If the current restrictions persist or are tightened further then a more comprehensive support package that matches the scale of any new measures, will need to be put in place."

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